The ANC government has received a request from the United States to participate in a U.S. Disaster Management Plan which South Africa would receive $10 billion a year (about R100 billion) for ten years .The outline of the plan would be temporary housing for millions of Americans in South Africa, to be built if the Yellowstone super volcano in the country comes to a head; sooner or later.
Other Countries that the U.S is asking to participate include., Brazil, Argentina and Australia. A spokesman for the Department of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Sipho Matwetwe, said that South Africa will not be “part of the plan because there is a risk that millions of white Americans could be sent to the country in an emergency situation it would a National culture and identity threat”.
U.S. scientists for years have studied the super volcano under Yellowstone National Park in the USA.. A Super Volcano is one hundred times as powerful as a regular volcano and not just let millions of people would die, but an entire civilization. If Yellowstone would erupt, the whole of North America would be immersed into a “volcanic winter” and possible destroy the earth.
The last known eruption of a Super Volcano was apparently about 70,000 years ago and occurred along the Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia. It had a volcanic winter that lasted six to eight years, and impacted the globe which heralded a change that lasted for a thousand years.
A recent scientific analysis of the molten rock beneath Yellowstone National Park in the United States revealed that it is possible for an eruption without any other possible external influences.
Scientists previously believed that many eruptions of Super Volcanos would be initiated first by an earthquake, which when unleashed caused the earth’s crust to break open for magma to escape. But new research shows that it can spontaneously erupt due to an increase in pressure.
Super volcanoes represent the second biggest threat to life on Earth, after a collision of the Earth with asteroids, and they were in the past responsible for mass extinctions of species on Earth, long-term climate change and shorter “volcanic winters” caused when volcanic ash blocks out the sunlight.
U.S. scientists have identified South Africa as an area where people could survive in the Yellowstone volcanic winter would erupt. Although the U.S. government by no means wants to cause panic among its citizens, they recognie a need for a “contingency” provision, if the worst does take place, and Yellowstone erupts.
The volcano is currently monitored continuously by seismographs at 45 points and it is likely that the U.S. would have a few weeks or days of warning, to send a large number of its citizens abroad, especially to the southern hemisphere.
Yellowstone in the State of Wyoming last erupted some 600,000 years ago and more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of ash and lava filled the atmosphere – about 100 times more than the Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines in 1982, a significant period of global cooling was brought about.
Although the South African ministries of foreign affairs and science and technology, have been fully informed of the U.S. plan, together with the large amounts of money that would pay for temporary housing for Americans in the Karoo and the Kalahari to establish where they could survive, the Cabinet decided to reject the request by the U.S.
The R100 billion would be from 2014 every year for ten years to pay South Africa, after which the plan would be reviewed.
It may take up to ten years for printing in the magma chamber of the super volcano to build. According to Dr.Jean-Philippe Perrillat of the National Centre for Scientific Research in Grenoble, France, “it is the difference in density between the molten magma in the caldera and the surrounding rock big enough for the magma from the chamber to the surface to increase “.
“The effect is the same as the extra buoyancy of a soccer ball under water filled with air, after which ,it rises to the surface,” said dr. Perrillat. “If the magma volume is large enough, it should go to the surface to rise and explode like a champagne bottle cork.”
According to Dr. Sipho Mathetwe, the South African government has great “sympathy for the American challenge (challenge) to Yellowstone, but we have our own challenges in South Africa. There are 200 million white people in America, and if too many of them to South Africa flights, it is a big problem, even though there is enough housing and infrastructure available. It will destabilize the country and may even bring back apartheid. South Africa is not for sale. “
The U.S. ambassador in Pretoria was not available for comment.